Learn More About the Cradle of Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Colonialism
If you are wondering how to learn more about East Africa, you are on the right track. You can learn about the origin of agriculture, the impact of natural resources, and colonialism and independence. This article covers all of these topics in detail, including some fascinating facts. You’ll be amazed at how much you can learn about this fascinating part of the world. And while you’re learning, you’ll probably find it fascinating to learn about the impact of colonialism and independence.
Origins of agriculture
The cradle of agriculture, which dates back to about 12,000 years ago, was probably Africa. The Fertile Crescent, a region in western Africa, was the likely location of the first agriculture, but it is also believed that plants such as rice and pearl millet also domesticated there. The evolution of farming in Africa is also reflected in a number of other species’ genomes, including humans. Origins of agriculture in east Africa are thus important for understanding human place in the world’s ecosystem.
Early human populations in the region began to domesticate and breed wild cattle, which were bred for meat. The ability to rear cattle and grow food at home was a valuable advantage for groups on the move. As time went on, humans became more accustomed to the conditions of their new surroundings. Farming required more work than foraging, which led to increased disease and poor health. But in the following centuries, agriculture spread throughout Africa, leading to the development of modern crops.
Impact of natural resources
The natural resources of Africa have contributed to many of the conflicts and crises that are plaguing the continent. While these resources should be used to spur development, they have instead fuelled state corruption, environmental degradation, poverty, and violence. This is unfortunate for East Africa and the rest of the world, and the future of the continent will likely depend on the development of these resources. There are several ways to promote sustainable resource management in Africa, and the use of these natural resources should be encouraged to ensure economic and social stability and prosperity.
The discovery of natural resources in East Africa has also increased tensions and the likelihood of inter-state conflicts. As the prices of commodity resources skyrocketed, there was a new scramble to secure African natural resources. At the same time, African governments were unable to meet the basic needs of their populations. In addition, unreliable foreign aid left governments with little choice but to turn to a new source of income.
Impact of colonialism
The impact of colonialism on East Africa history is complex and multidimensional. For example, in no colony could more than half of the population complete elementary school. And colonialism had profound negative effects on the family structure. It radically changed many aspects of African society, including the role of men in the household. In many ways, colonialism exacerbated these problems. Here are three key reasons why.
Before the impact of colonialism, most African societies were extended and characterized by a nuclear family structure of two adults, a father and a mother. With colonization came urbanization and a change in lifestyles. Even in pre-colonial societies, urbanisation happened relatively quickly. Even though many pre-colonial African societies had towns, most were still engaged in agriculture in remote villages. Urban living brought changes in economic activities and occupation, and challenged existing values.
Impact of independence
The sweeping wave of African independence in 1957 saw countries such as Ghana, Algeria, and South Africa free themselves from their colonial masters. Though most of the former colonies experienced relatively peaceful independence, some countries were unable to cope with the demands of economic growth and political development, and conflict resulted. Civil strife and repressive regimes forced many people to flee to safer areas. This is the history of East Africa.
Kenya gained independence from Britain on 12 December 1963 after nearly 80 years of colonial rule. The Berlin Conference of 1885 had established British influence in the area. In 1888, William Mackinnon founded the Imperial British East Africa Company. After the company floundered, the British government took control of the region as the British East African Protectorate. This map dates from 1898. The British East African Protectorate was a semi-independent nation, ruled by the British.